Cattle ranchers earn almost twice as much as the average American worker, but their jobs are also physically strenuous. Income and profit fluctuates from year to year due to shifting overhead costs, government subsidies and public policies regulating the beef industry.

Weaning rate was estimated at 85%, meaning that it is expected that a calf will be weaned and sold from 85% of the cows that were exposed to the bull. Based on these assumptions and adjusted for the weaning rate, average calf revenue is $655 per cow. 25 Mar 2022

At night, they often gather together in a herd near trees. One of the reason they gather as a group is because cows have strong protection behavior. In fact, a Colorado State University graduate student recently did a study on the protective behaviors of cows and calves. 2 Feb 2017